The legal separation and independence of network managers, and a stronger role for regulatory authorities were just some of the European directives that guided the opening of France’s electricity supply market to competition. Transposed into French law, these directives have enabled the market to open in stages.
Within the context of opening markets to competition, electricity transmission and public connection to the distribution network are public service duties. The tariff paid by network users is therefore regulated by public authorities. The TURPE (Tarif d'Utilisation des Réseaux Publics d'Électricité) today ensures 90% of Enedis's revenue. It has recently been updated (TURPE 4), and allows Enedisto finance its business and to ensure that its network maintenance and modernisation duties are fulfilled.